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Buster's Best ~ Reading List
Anti-Sprawl Material Worth Reading

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TITLE
date
DESCRIPTION
pages
Donation
Wal-Mart Unfair Advertising 06/2009 NAD ruling finds Wal-Mart's claim to save consumers $700 a year in Food costs "not even close." 16 $1.60
Cash Cow: The Lucrative Quebec Market 06/2009 CIBC reseach says Unions have scared off Wal-Mart from building superstores in Quebec. 22 $2.20
Analysis of Taxable Retail Sales in California Cities with Wal-Mart Supercenters 12/2008 Navigant Consultling report says all sites where Wal-Mart opens a superstore see a substantial gain in taxable retail sales. 17 $1.70
Sweatshop Solutions? Economic Ground Zero in Bangladesh and Wal-Mart's Responsibility 10/2008 SweatFree Communities finds that Wal-Mart factories exist in a climate of fear and lying to inspectors. 44 $4.40
Wal-Mart's Canadian Supercenters 12/2007 CIBC study shows trade area damage Caused by Wal-Mart Supercenters 16 $1.60
Maine's Informed Growth Act 09/2007 State law requiring economic impact reports.
8
$1.00
Wal-Mart's Sutainability Initiative: A Civil Society Crititique 09/2007 A Big Box Collaborative critique of Wal-Mart's Sustainability Report 40 $4.00
The Use of Pulbic Health Assistance In Massachusetts in FY 2006 02/2007 Report shows that Wal-Mart workers cost taxpayers millions in Medicaid Subsidies 17 $1.70

Trip Generation Characteristics of Free-Standing Superstores

08/2006 Helpful traffic numbers for superstores over 200,000 square feet.
4
$1.00
The Wal-Mart Debate: A False Choice Between Prices and Wages 6/2006 Economic Policy Institue study says Wal-Mart could raise its wages without raising prices. 18

$1.80

Does Wal-Mart Cause An Increase in Anti-Poverty Program Expenditures? 04/2006 Air Force Institute of Technology says WMT increases Medicaid Expenditures by $898 per worker.
21
$2.10
Model Low Impact Development (LID) Bylaw 04/2006 Massachusetts Smart Growth Tool Kit Bylaw
37
$3.70
The Economic Impact of Wal-Mart 11/2005 Full report by Global Insight
62
$6.20
The Economic Impact of Wal-Mart Exec Summary 11/2005 Wal-Mart's favorite impact report by Global Insight
7
$1.00

Does Wal-Mart Cause an Increase in Anti-Poverty Expenditures

11/2005

Study finds Wal-Mart increases Medicaid expenditures by $898 per worker. By Michael Hicks

21

$2.10

The Economic Impact of Wal-Mart

11/2005

Global Insight study paid for by Wal-Mart, says food stores, apparel and accessory stores lose jobs.

62

$6.20

What Do Quarterly Workforce Dynamics Tell Us About Wal-Mart?

11/2005

Michael Hicks study from PA. Show Wal-Mart draws employees from existing businesses and reduces job creation.,

16

$1.60

The Impact of Wal-Mart on Local Fiscal Health

11/2005

Michael Hicks. Finds that Wal-Mart increases local property tax assessments, and increases Medicaid expenditures

28

$2.80

Consumer Benefits from Increased Competition in Shopping Outlets

11/2005

MIT paper estimates consumer benefits from Wal-Mart supercenter for food to be substantial. Does not measure costs to workers.

32

$3.20

Wal-Mart: 21 st Century Leadership

10/2005

CEO Lee Scott's vision of the future

15

$1.50

Supplemental Benefits Documentation

10/2005

Leaked memo from Wal-Mart's VP of Benefits

27

$2.70

Model Fair Share Health Care Act

10/2005

Model health care bill for any state by National Labor Caucus of State Legislators

7

$1.00

Wal-Mart Watch Annual Report 2005

06/2005

This report counters Wal-Mart's Annual Report, and covers a wide range of company transgressions.

26

$2.60

Not in My Backyard: Analysis Of Community Opposition to U.S. Big Box Retail
04/2005

Wall Street analysts warn of impact of community oppostion on Wal-Mart's Stock price.

16
$1.60

Wal-Mart Workers Enrolled In State Health Plan

01/2005

Studies and media stories from Tennessee, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and Georgia.

21

$2.10

New Jersey Regional Economic Impact Reports

11/2004

Requires impact studies for projects that show “intermunicipal impacts.”

16

$1.60

The Andersonville Study of Retail Economics

10/2004

Compares the economic impacts of 10 local businesses in Illinois, & their chain store competitors.

34

$3.40

Chicago “Living Wage” Ordinance

10/2004

Requires large employers to pay a living wage of $10.42.hr increased by the CPI annually.

10

$1.00

2004 American Community Survey

10/2004

Americans prefer a smart growth community over a sprawl community.

22

$2.20

Wal-Mart and County Wide Poverty

10/2004

Counties with more Wal-Marts had greater increases in poverty rates.

18

$1.80

Wal-Mart Supercenter Impact On Grocery Shopping in Carson City, Nevada

08/2004

Survey of nearly 500 shoppers. Existing supermarkets lost between 10% to 20% of sales when Wal-Mart supercenter opened.

25

$2.50

Understanding the Fiscal Impact of Land Use in Ohio

08/2004

Overview of fiscdal implications of development policy. Shows big box stores are a net loser for towns.

26

$2.60

Hidden Cost of Wal-Mart Jobs
08/2004
Use of welfare programs by Wal-Mart workers in California by U. Cal/Berkeley
14
$1.40
Shopping for Subsidies
05/2004
How Wal-Mart Uses Taxpayer Money to Finance Its Never-Ending Growth. By Good Jobs First.
66
$6.60
Advantages of Smart Growth Development Patterns
03/2004
Compact development and investing in urban cores could save taxpayers money. By the Brookings Institute.
40
$4.00

Fiscal & Competitive Advantages of Smarter Growth Development

03/2004

Brookings Institution study says regional economic performance is enchanced by smart growth policies

32

$3.20

Wal-Mart's Impact On the American Supermarket Industry
02/2004
Focuses in on Oklahoma City, where 31 grocery stores closed between 1998-2003 due to Wal-Mart.
18
$1.80
Everyday Low Wages.
02/2004
The Hidden Price We All Pay for Wal-Mart. Use of taxpayer subsidies by Wal-Mart. By the staff of U.S. Congressman George Miller (D-CA).
27
$2.70
Job Creation or Destruction? Labor Effects of Wal-Mart Expansion 01/2004 University of Missouri study by Emek Basker: half of job gain from Wal-Mart Disappears within 5 years. 33 $3.30
Built With Corporate Welfare
09/2003
The use of tax subsidies to finance Wal-Mart distribution centers. By Sprawl-Busters.
27
$2.70
Wal-Mart Food; Big, and Getting Bigger 09/2003 Retail Forward study says two grocery Stores will close for every one WMT Supercenter that opens. 31 $3.10
Fiscal Economic Impact of Proposed Shopping Center Project on City of Leominster

08/2003
Tom Muller study of 510,000 s.f. Wal-Mart, Lowe's and Kohl's on city of Leominster, MA
22
$2.20
Los Angeles “Community Impact” Report ordinance

05/2003
Community Redevelopment Authority requires a community impact reports.
20
$2.00
Big Box Distribution Centers: Built with Corporate Welfare

03/2003
Collection of stories from Sprawl-Busters of how Distribution Centers
27
$2.70 
Economic & Fiscal Impacts of the Proposed Skyway Plaza Center

01/2003
Study of economic impacts of a 
319,360 s.f. mall in Paradise, CA.
31
$3.10 
In Orange Blood: A View of Home Depot from Home Town America

09/2002
Update of Sprawl-Busters article "Home Towns, Not Home Depot" with data up to 2002.
29
$2.90 
Fiscal Impact Analysis of Residential & Nonresidential Land Use Prototypes

07/2002
Study of impacts on tax base of various land uses in Baranstable,
MA. Shows big boxes cost money.
22
$2.20 
Wal-Mart Special: Ohio Job Tax Credits to American's Richest Retailer

07/2002
Policy Matters Ohio study critical of use of tax subsidies for Wal-Mart projects.
13
$1.30 
Tax Base Consequences of Local Economic Development Programs on value of existing commercial & retail properties

2001
RKG Associates case study of how retail overdevelopment in
Concord, NH had negative impact
6
$1.00 
Economic Impact from the Planned Area Development Zoning District of Spring Valley Texas

08/2001
Impact study of a 200,000 s.f. Wal-Mart supercenter based on city's consultant
27
$2.70 
Store Wars Chat
08/2001
Me, filmaker Micah Peled, and a PR guy from Wal-Mart discuss the film Store Wars
7
$1.00
Wal-Mart 2001 

04/2001
company's annual report
44
$4.40
Buckingham, Pa Zoning Law
2/2001
requires a developer to reuse or remove a big box that sits vacant for more than 12 months
12
$1.20
Buster's Best: Wal-Mart
1/2000
A short collection of 1 page newsletter assorted topics
30
$3.00
60 Minutes
1/2001
Crime at Wal-Mart stores
22
order from 60 minutes
Kansas City, MO Zoning
11/2000
Sets up small business zone not appropriate for big boxes.
8
$1.00
Northeast Ohio Regional Retail Analysis
8/2000
Executive Summary showing large scale retail is not a good economic development strategy.
42
$4.20
Mamaroneck, NY Law on Major Developments Abutting town.
6/2000
Town law that requires major projects that abut M to get a permit from the town.
6
$1.00
The Wal-Mart Effect
5/2000
The state of American retail stores from the perspective of a credit company.
7
$1.00
Home Depot Hazardous Material Business Plan
4/2000
An example of the hazardous materials stored inside a Home Depot in Oxnard, CA..
34
$3.40
Quotes from Chairman Sam

1/2000

Quotes from Sam Walton's Autobiography

5
$0.50
Valuing Environmental Resources in the Palos-Orland Region

3/2000
University of Chicago of lost housing values due to sprawl.
12
$1.20
Maintaining Retail Balance in California Cities

10/1997
CA Cities respond to big box chains.
13
$1.30
The Flip Side of Sprawl

07/1998

Restoring Communities and Making Them Livable. Speech by Richard Moe to the National Governor's Association
14
$1.40
Wal-Mart Sample "Community Resource Guide"

7/1999
What Wal-Mart hands out at public meetings: excerpts
12
$1.20
Economic Impacts of Wal-Mart Supercenter in Clark County, NV

9/1999
Costs of a Wal-Mart in Las Vegas outweighs benefits
21
$2.10
Wal-Mart Available Buildings
2/1999
Typical list of 333 empty Wal-Marts from WM Realty
10
$1.00
The Sprawling of America
1/1999
Federal policy is part of the problem, Can it be part of the solution. By Richard Moe, National Trust for Historic Preservation
6
$1.00
Impact of Anticipated Wal-Mart on the Northern Neck, VA
 
1/1999
Tom Muller report from Kilmarnock, VA
18
$1.80
St. Petersburg, FL Planning Commission Rejects Wal-Mart
 
11/1998
Planning report on why city staff rejected Wal-Mart
20
$2.00
Wayne, PA Environmental Protection Zoning Ordinance
 
10/1998
Ordinance to restrict corp's with bad regulatory record
5
$0.50
Debunking the Myth of Sprawl's Inevitability
09/1998
Speech by Constance Beaumont of the National Trust for Historic Preservation
13
$1.30
Economic Impacts: A sampler
1997
My own sampler from Iowa, VT, etc studies 

27
$2.70
Home Towns, Not Home Depot
 
1997
A Citizen's View of Home Depot
16
$5.00
Impact of Wal-Mart Phenomenon on Rural Communities
 
9/1997
Ken Stone update from Iowa
17
$1.70
More Wal-Mart PR Materials: San Leandro, CA 

9/1997
Example of materials Wal-Mart gives local officials and media
15
$1.50
Econ. Impact of Proposed W-M on Woodstock, VA

8/1997
Tom Muller study
5
$1.00
City of Napa, CA Legal Opinion re: Home Depot

8/1997
Why its OK to look at economic issues in the context of zoning
3
$1.00
Vermont Supreme Court decision rejecting Wal-Mart in St.Albans
 
8/1997
Use of economic arguments to reject a W-M upheld
14
$1.40
Kmart vs. City of Westlake, OH 
7/1997
Use of comprehensive land use plan to reject superstore is upheld
24
$2.40
Wal-Mart 1997 Annual Report
3/1997
What the company has to say about itself.
40
$4.00
Wal-Mart Annual Report 2/1996
 
1996
The Company's view of itself
30
$3.00
Quality Assurance Zoning Examples
 
1996
My own collection from several towns
40
$4.00
Growing Smarter: Fighting Sprawl

11/1996
Address of Richard Moe, National Trust for Hist. Preservation
15
$1.50
What Happened When Wal-Mart Came to Town? 
 
5/1996
Muller/Humstone report on econ. impacts in seven Iowa counties
50
$5.00
Taming the Sprawlmart: Using An Antitrust Arsenal
 
1995
Tulane Law school lawyer on anti-trust, zoning issues
52
$5.20
Competing with the Discount Mass Merchandisers
 
1995
Ken Stone's study of W-M impact on small Iowa towns, 1983-1993
25
$2.50
Creating Communities of Place 
12/95
New Jersey Office of State Planning on big box retailing
11
$1.10
Wal-Mart Comes to Washington State

10/95
Impact statement by Coalition for a Better Washington
26
$2.60
Beyond Sprawl
 
2/95
Bank of America on sprawl in California
14
$1.40
Comments on the Draft Environmental Impact Statement/Proposed Commerce Green Shopping Plaza, E. Aurora, NY.
 
2/95
Useful economic analysis from Elizabeth Humstone & Thomas Muller; rebuts town study
18
$1.80
Big Box Retailers, Power Centers, and Community Planning
 
1/95
Lancaster County Planning Commission: 4 level planning process
5
$1.00
Wal-Mart Research--Residents for Responsible Growth, Lake Placid
 
1994
General info on Wal-Mart and examples of impact on local town
18
$1.80
St. Albans, VT State Environmental Board Act 250 Decision
 
12/94
Decision rejecting Wal-Mart based on public cost v. benefit analysis
62
$6.20
Wal-Mart Disinformation Campaign

12/94
Samples from Wal-Mart's P.R. campaign in Ithaca, N.Y.
19
$1.90
Litigation in Sturbridge, MA
12/94
Text of arguments filed in Superior Court. Uses town's zoning by-laws
10
$1.00
SLAPP Suits
 
12/94
Duke Law School: on SLAPP suits
12
$1.20
Litigation in Chestertown, MD
 
11/94
Historic Preservation Act
6
$1.00
Fort Collins & Big Box Retailers (or: How Big Should the Box Be?)
 
10/94
prepared for City of Fort Collins
20
$2.00
Virginia/Shopping Center Grounds for Denial

10/94
National Legal Research Group cites precedents for zoning denials
27
$2.70
The Impact of Superstores on Small Business: A Case Study of Wal-Mart
 
8/94
Testimony of Thomas Muller before House Small Business Comm.
14
$1.40
Gallatin, Tennesee: Court case sends Wal-Mart permit back to local level
 
8/94
Petitioner's brief and other related items on supercenter zoning issues
28
$2.80
Moratorium on Superstores
 
7/94
Moratorium in Fort Collins, CO.
4
$1.00
Wal-Mart Watch: The Stop List of Anti-Wal-Mart Campaign in Ithaca, N.Y. 
7/94
Wal-Mart newspaper articles divided in 5 areas, including business practices, labor, campaigns.
5
$1.00
How Superstore Sprawl Can Harm Communities: And What Citizens Can Do About It
 
6/94
Every coalition needs one of these. To order, call the National Trust for Historic Preservation at (202) 588-6023
120
 
Capping the Size of Buildings
5/94
Copy of Resolution of Town Board in Skaneateles, N.Y. to limit shopping centers to 45,000 sq. ft.
5
$1.00
Wal-Mart's 1994 S.E.C. report
 
2/94
The Company's 1994 financials.
21
$2.10
Impact of Proposed Wal-Mart on City of Concord, CA
 
2/94
Another econ. impact report
24
$2.40
The Discount Retail Industry & Its Effect on Small Towns & Rural Communities
 
1/94
Congressional Research Service reports on other studies
21
$2.10
Litigation in Philadelphia
 
11/93
Rezoning fr. industrial to commerc.
14
$1.40
Phase One Report: Retail Sales Impact of Proposed Wal-Mart on Franklin County, VT. 

10/93
Muller/Humstone report: thirteen findings critical of the econ. impact of Wal-Mart. Led to Act 250 rejection
29
$2.90
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. By-Laws
 
6/93
Info on Shareholder's Resolutions
9
$1.00
Fiscal & Economic Impact Assessment of the Proposed Wal-Mart Development
 
4/93
Land Use, Inc. & RKG: Econ. Impact study done for Greenfield, Ma
103
$10.30
Effects of a Megastore on Kent County, Maryland
 
2/93
Report by Coalition for the Preservation of Chestertown
32
$3.20
NBC News Dateline
 
12/92
Wal-Mart and use of child labor
22
$2.20
Cape Cod Commission Staff Report
 
11/92
Impact analysis of a Sam's Club
19
$1.90
The New Retail Environment in Maine (Univ. of Maine)
 
10/92
Ken Stone, similar to Iowa studies
4
$1.00
The Mall (John Mullin)
12/90
If a mall is not in a town's best interest, it should reject it.
40
$4.00
Legal Memo on Moratoriums, NY
11/90
Legal issues in moratoriums based on NY State law
12
$1.20
Local Government Control of Commercial Development, Wisconsin
 
11/89
Background on zoning reasons allowing control of big boxes
29
$2.90
The Impact of Wal-Mart Stores on Other Business in Iowa (Ken Stone)
 
10/89
Small towns within 20 miles of a Wal-Mart lose 25% of net sales
35
$3.50
The Fiscal Impact of Mall Development: More is Often Less
 
9/89
14 general points about malls & local impact (Armstrong & Mullin)
7
$1.00
Impact of Wal-Mart Stores on Firms in Competing Towns
3/89
Wal-Mart gains are at the expense of other merchants in a Typical Midwestern State. (Ken Stone). 
14
$1.40

 
 
"Norman has become the guru of the anti-Wal-Mart movement" ~ 60 Minutes

info@sprawl-busters.com
Strategic Planning ~ Field Operations
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(413) 772-6289